How to get the rights to ATV

Simultaneously with the purchase of the ATV I decided to get a driver’s license, which would give me a legal right to operate this equipment. Firstly, I needed it for trouble-free skiing on the roads, and secondly, for self-improvement. Well, it’s nice to have an extra crust that confirms your skill.

Quad bikes and snowmobiles belong to a technique that is not intended for movement on general roads, and GIBDD does not issue the right to manage these data by self-propelled vehicles, but Gostehnadzor (GTN). And the rights are called so: the certification of a tractor driver (UTM). UTM category A I (one) just gives the right to control ATVs with engine volume above 50 cubes and snowmobiles.

Attention: the usual driver’s license (issued by the traffic police) is not suitable for driving a ATV! Read more about this in the article “Rights to a quadricycle and quad bike”.

Where to get the rights to ATV and snowmobile

I studied the Internet on this subject, and it turned out that in Moscow only 3 offices are engaged in the preparation and acceptance of exams for a tractor driver. One in Khimki, the second in Yablochkov Street, and the third one – the most popular one – is the GOU “Professional” on Ryazan Avenue. There I turned. But, of course, slightly lohanulsya, and that’s what.

I decided to complete the training, which includes one theoretical lesson and two practical (somewhere in half an hour-hour, this is how long it takes to master). In addition to teaching in theory and practice, the cost includes a manual with exam questions, a practical exam scheme, as well as fees for the exam and for issuing an identity card. And it was worth 5800 rubles. By the way, now they have already raised prices to 6200 rubles.

And it would be right to save money by taking only 1 or 2 hands-on lessons per hour, buying a manual or downloading tickets online for free, paying a fee for the exam and for the issuance of the certificate. All this is done in the same “Professional”.

In addition, a medical certificate confirming the suitability for the management of self-propelled vehicles and with open categories A and B is available. Such a medical certificate is issued in any driver’s medical board (including the final report of psychiatric and drug dispensaries). I went to the commission, where the “general practitioner” checked his eyesight and measured the pressure – and received a certificate with pre-stamped seals from the doctors. In general, how do we get medical help, and so everyone knows.

If there is already a driver’s license, it’s good. Then you do not have to pass a theoretical exam on the knowledge of traffic rules. If not, then, as expected, there will be 20 additional questions on the traffic rules with the right to 2 errors in the exam.

By the way, there is an age limit: you can get UTM of the AI ​​category only from the age of 16.

Yes, and I can not help but warn: on the Internet, many scammers offer false rights to ATV. Be extremely attentive.

Training

So, I came to the first lesson. The instructor told about what an ATV is, we looked at photos of different quadrics, a video about their production of the Discovery channel, listened to the passing of the exam, and, well, everything. Theoretical part is absolutely useless. After that, they went on to practice.

Practice (and exam) takes place on two ATVs – to whom it is more convenient: Sagitta Orso 150 and Reggy Warrior 110. The second one is quite small, and even with foot (motorcycle) gear shifting, in general , on it no one wanted to practice.

Here began a very complex action: inspection of the ATV. Before you start the movement, you need to inspect the ATV, and even in the right sequence. Wheels, ignition, brakes, a spark plug, oil, gear lever. Totally somewhere with a dozen objects, and you can not miss something.

Then we climb the quad bike, and not anyhow. First you need to grasp the wheel with both hands, and only then throw your foot. Once again, we check that the lever is on the neutral, so that the parking brake is turned on, and only now it is possible to start the ATV and turn on the headlights. The first stage is completed.

Now a rather difficult practical test for driving begins. It is difficult because it is necessary to strictly observe all formalities. For example, you can not just start moving or stop. To start the movement, you need to perform the following sequence:

Turn on the transfer.
Show the left hand with the left hand [start of movement].
View back.
Remove the handbrake.
Start movement.
a few meters, you need to show the left hand turn to the right (in the right place), turn and stop in front of the stop line for 20-50 cm before it. Put on the handbrake, switch to neutral and show with your hands the “swallow” – the second stage is completed.

The third stage – just start the movement and drive the “snake” without hooking the cones, and then turn right and stop. This is not very simple, since the cones stand back to the possible trajectory of motion, and all actions must be performed with 10-centimeter accuracy. Fortunately, the time is not limited, so you can go very slowly.

The fourth stage is the arrival in the box (garage) in reverse.

The fifth – exit from the garage, turn, acceleration, braking, turning, stopping in front of the stop line .


The sixth stage – reverse driving to the launch site. Then it is necessary to put on the handbrake, remove from the transmission, turn off the light and the engine. Done!

At each stage, you need to show the actions of hands, put on the handbrake, switch to neutral. Here is the scheme of action on the exam

It is almost impossible to pass the exam without a practical lesson! To remember all the actions in order to clearly pass the snake, to show the hand exactly in the right place and to learn how to stop the ATV in front of the stop line, it is necessary at least 5 times to pass this platform.

I sat on a quadric for the second time in my life and, with a small blot, immediately drove the pad. That was great. Then he practiced a few more times, well, and in the second lesson he passed easily without any errors.

As for the theoretical part, on the exam it is necessary to answer 5 questions on the safety theory of the management of self-propelled machines. The questions in their majority are very simple, and the correct answers are calculated in a logical way. But some need to be remembered.

Exam

The exam is conducted in the same “Professional” on Thursdays from 9am. It is necessary to bring with you:

passport
medical certificate
two photos
driver’s license (if any)
statement (will be given on the spot)
There is always a lot of people, because the training center takes exams not only for quadrocyclists, but also for tractor operators, forklift operators, etc. So, we hand over the documents and wait for the exam.

A theoretical safety theory exam is first held, where you have to answer 5 simple questions and allow no more than 1 mistake. Still, if anyone does not have a driving license, you need to answer 20 questions on traffic rules.

If the theory is passed normally, the practical part begins.

I read many times that the inspectors of the GOT on the site are kind and forgive mistakes. I do not know, with me half of the group fell. And some even at the start: he did not show the beginning of the movement with his hand – and everything, the exam is over, until the next time.

I drove the site perfectly.

I received the driver’s license as a tractor driver in the “Professional” on the same day.

Well, that’s all – now I can legally manage quad bikes and snowmobiles. And finally a tractor driver appeared in the family. Pleasure is not cheap, but the goals have been achieved:)

In general, the procedure for obtaining rights is very simple and fast, in just a week I became the owner of UTM. And I strongly recommend that all off-road lovers get the rights. After driving a vehicle without rights, we are punished with a fine of 5-15 thousand rubles and detention of the vehicle (parking lot).

Exhaust gas motorcycle is more harmful than car exhaust

Specialists of the Far Eastern Federal University conducted an analysis of the situation and concluded that such products formed in motorcycle engines are more harmful to human health and nature than such products from automobile engines. The results of the analysis are published in the authoritative Toxicology Reports. 

The main assumption put forward by the research scientists is that modern motorcycle engines are not so safe for nature as it seems and marketers imagine it. Residual products that are released during internal combustion in the engine have a great impact on the environment.
According to experts, even when equipped with a special system for afterburning harmful gases, new motorcycle engines are the source of the release of a large volume of solid particles with a high proportion of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) of less than 10 micrometers. It is the particles of this size that scientists consider the most harmful for humans and for the environment. They are classified as carcinogenic.
Scientists claim that motorcycles and scooters, in spite of the small volume of engines, have outstripped even diesel engines by the volume of emissions into the atmosphere of the above-mentioned particles.
Specialists studied 44 units of equipment, among which were motorcycles , scooters, ATVs and jet skis. At all, different types of fuel and propulsion systems were installed. Studies have shown that four-stroke injected power units of motorcycles are safer in the ecological plan than two-stroke injectors or carburettors.
At the same time, scientists of the FEFU have voiced a high-sounding assumption that as early as 2020, two-cycle scooter motors will be on the territory of Europe more a serious source of pollution than all other land vehicles combined.