The information appeared on the Internet that the KTM 690 Enduro R 2019 will be equipped with a new power unit, the suspension and design will also be completely updated.
First of all, a completely new steel lattice frame is worth mentioning. In the photo, which got on the Internet, it is clear that the frame is very similar to the frame of the current model KTM 690 Enduro R. Perhaps minor changes will cause major improvements.
Regarding the engine, then most likely it will be an LC4 engine, since the current unit KTM 690 Enduro R does not fit Euro4 standards. Most likely on the dual-sport will be the motor Husqvarna 701 Enduro, issuing 74 liters. with. power.
In addition, the motorcycle will be equipped with the most modern electronics: Quickshift, corner ABS with off-road mode, modes, and so on. The best suspension option will be the WP Xplor system.
The novelty will be presented at one of two exhibitions: EICMA or Intermot.
The main distinguishing features of the electric two-wheeled Aktivo Scoot, from similar models, are in the outboard wheels and rather interesting technical characteristics. The maximum speed is 30 km / h, with a weight of 13 kg. One recharge allows you to overcome almost 25 kilometers. It takes only 2 hours to fully charge. In addition, the novelty is able to drive up into the mountain at an angle of 20 degrees. The device has a high degree of protection against dust and moisture – “IP54.”
There is a small speedometer on the steering wheel, containing all the necessary indications, namely:
- charge level
- battery temperature.
In addition, on the steering wheel there is a supercompact diode headlamp, electronic "gas" levers and a horn. Present and handle "dual" brakes. It is double because the rear wheel brakes mechanically due to pressing the brake lever, and the front wheel stops electronically by receiving the appropriate command from the sensors on the brake lever. The scooter has ceramic brakes. In the process of braking on the rear wheel, the integrated brake light blinks.
When buying a scooter, owners will be offered the AKTIVO App, which will allow you to connect to the scooter via Bluetooth and monitor its battery status, adjust the device to suit your driving style, for example , "FUN" or "ECO". The electric scooter will be sold in two colors – “arctic white” and “cosmic gray.”
It is noteworthy that a team of enthusiasts collected assets for the development of this two-wheeled transport on the Kickstarter crowdfunding resource. The developers needed 32,500 euros, but the resource helped to collect 100,000. The scooter’s mass production will begin this month. The purchase will cost 560 euros.
The new Can-AM Ryker will be equipped with two in-line Rotax Ace engines — a two-cylinder 600-cc and three-cylinder-900-cc. The client has a choice. The engine power level will be 47 and 77 horsepower, respectively. A more powerful option has a mode of "Sport". The price of a model with a motor of 600 cubes starts from 8,499 dollars. A tricycle with an engine of 900 cubic centimeters Can-Am Ryker starts from 9,999 dollars.
Any trike can be personalized. First of all, the manufacturer offers as many as 12 variations of shades of special linings, which give a certain unique style to the trike. In addition, absolutely all models are equipped with a rather curious detail – the Ufit system. Thanks to this system, any tricycle can be “tweaked” for a specific rider, in terms of ergonomics.
With a fairly affordable price, the Can-Am Ryker 2019 tricycle has everything needed for the modern life of an ordinary tricycler. "Riker" has an automatic continuously variable CVT transmission speeds (in other words, the variator), as well as the color display of the dashboard, a dual USB port. There is even a small trunk, of 7 liters, where, for example, a helmet can fit. At the same time, the volume of the fuel tank reaches 20 liters.
However, this is not all the details. The novelty from BRP has as many as 5 additional auxiliary systems:
- stabilization system SCS
- traction control system TCS
- anti-lock braking system ABS
- anti-theft system DESS
system HHC, working in conjunction with the brake system, allows you to hold the tricycle at the beginning of the movement when descending or ascending the slope.
It is noteworthy that the three-wheeler is actually distinctive, unlike its counterpart Can-Am Ryker has a cardan drive.
In addition to the standard Can-Am Ryker, the Can-AM Ryker Rally version will also be released, which in the basic configuration Comes with a 77-horsepower engine. The difference from the classic Can-Am Ryker is the presence of a more advanced suspension on the rally car, as well as stone protection. In addition, there are rally tires, rally seats, and the corresponding mode of operation "Rally". The price of such a unit will start at $ 10,999.
It is worth noting that the BRP product lines include not only trikes, but also Ski-Doo and Lynx snowmobiles, Sea-Doo hydrocycles, ATVs and Can-Am off-road vehicles on three wheels Can-Am Spyder, power units for water equipment Evinrude and Rotax, karts, motorcycles and aircraft devices. The corporation's sales reach approximately 4.2 billion Canadian dollars annually. Products are officially sold in almost 100 states. 8,700 employees work in corporate divisions worldwide.
Created on the basis of the KRT race car, which is actively used at three world championships in road-ring motorcycle races of the WSBK series, the Ninja ZX-10R motorcycle, or rather, a line of three bikes, will give owners more power, high-quality distribution and a new one, increased torque – in models in 2019.
The main point is the update of the valve actuation system “by pressing a finger”. Consider other innovations. All of them bring the already impressive parameters of the Ninja ZX-10R to a completely new level.
The maximum power will reach 203 hp and this characteristic can be further increased – to use the bike on the track – adding a full-fledged racing exhaust.
Created by Kawasaki's MotoGP-WSBK specialists, the timing system can be called an example of top-level racing technology. It is listed in the Ninja ZX-10R. The new system also shows a high level of reliability at high revs.
In comparison with standard valves with pushers, the finger system makes it possible to introduce a more aggressive profile of the combustion chamber. In addition, it warns the temporary wear of system elements.
All bikes of the new line are distinguished by the color of the head cover. She is red. Unfortunately, not everyone will get the cherished tales. Volumes of release of the Ninja ZX-10RR model are very limited – only 500 pieces for the whole world. This model will be different exclusive light titanium connecting rods, having a weight of 400 g less than the standard, but also increase the maximum torque by 600 revolutions per minute. Thus, the power becomes 204 hp
The developers reviewed the settings of the front and rear suspension, took into account the reduction of the shaft inertia.
Another update in the 2019 line is the two-way quickshift KQS.
It should be noted that the new paint system will be used in the novelties, taking into account the surface hardness, as a result of which the most susceptible to shocks will work together as a certain kind of chemical spring. Thus, a trampoline effect is created and the motorcycle is not deformed.
Three versions will be on sale – the ZX-10R, ZX-10RR and ZX-10R SE. They will be released for the Ninja ZX-10R in three shades – lime green, ivory and metallic gray. Bike ZX-10RR can be bought only lime green. The ZX-10R SE will be painted in carbon gray, silver and, of course, lime green.
The SE will have an advanced Kawasaki KECS electronic suspension, as well as forged Marchesini wheels.
To the question: “Will motorcycle production be revived?”, Vasily Khmelnitsky answered:
“I admire customized motorcycles as a product of engineering enthusiasm. However, this is a hobby, not a business. I do not believe that the mass production of the domestic motorcycle will be successful. It will not compete with any modern global manufacturer. "
Vasily Khmelnitsky is sure that the KMZ could function earlier due to the fact that the products were sold in the territory of 15 republics of the USSR, as well as motorcycles were exported to such large markets as China, Cuba etc. Today it is not. In addition, according to Khmelnitsky, the scientific part died and motorcycles lost competitiveness.
“In theory, as a businessman, I understand that it is necessary to make a joint venture with Honda and create a small assembly workshop for Honda for the Ukrainian market and possibly for export. However, this is a separate business process. "- emphasized Vasily Khmelnitsky.
" The motozavod is subject to ruin. Unfortunately, either an innovation park or housing will be created here. The world does not stand still and what was sometimes impossible to restore yesterday. ”- Khmelnitsky summed up.
It is worth recalling that the State Property Fund sold 90.811% of the shares of PJSC“ Kiev Motorcycle Plant ”(KMZ) in the summer of 2012. The sale of shares was carried out at the competition, and the number of requirements for the buyer included the following conditions: preservation of the main types of plant operations, investing over UAH 2.7 million in the development of the plant.
Additional conditions of the competition determined that the buyer of the package must have experience in economic activities for the manufacture of motorcycles or trade in motorcycles, spare parts and accessories for them, maintenance and repair of motorcycles.
The State Property Fund sold KMZ to the company Capital Index Group for 59.8 million g n. Already then it became known that there was no talk about any revival of production at KMZ. The main objective of the transaction is to gain control over the territory or land of the plant. Thus, it happened.
KMZ was not just a factory, but the flagship of the whole branch of Ukrainian motor-building. Previously, he produced up to 100 thousand motorcycles annually, which were sent to all continents. And today in different countries there are fan clubs of the KMZ Dnieper machinery.
Kiev Motor Plant opened on September 21, 1945. The last motorcycles were produced here in 2008. The plant’s history includes about 3 million motorcycles of different models.
Such information appeared in a joint statement of the company. Indonesia has become a test site for a reason. This state ranks third in the world in terms of motorcycle sales and suffers a lot from the exhaust gases they produce. For this reason, the leadership of Indonesia is trying by all means to promote electric motorcycles and scooters, as they told Panasonic. Full control over the availability of batteries, their movement, performance and other characteristics will be implemented by a system developed by Honda and Panasonic.
It is worth noting that the project is subsidized by the Japanese organization New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO). The main objective of the organization’s work is to “explore the prospects for the use of portable batteries as distributed energy”. For this purpose, several dozens of stations will be built on the territory of the provinces of West Java and Bali, each of which will simultaneously charge several Mobile Power Pack batteries.
Every year Honda sells over 20 million vehicles, including electric cars and electric motorcycles. Partner of the company in this project was the Japanese corporation Panasonic, which is famous for developments in the field of electronic technologies and solutions for consumer electronics. By 2022, the corporation intends to increase battery sales by 2.5 times – to 1.4 trillion yen (12.6 billion dollars).
“According to the instructions of the governor of the Ulyanovsk region Sergey Morozov, the relevant documents for the management of Harley Davidson have already been prepared and will be sent as soon as possible. The text of the document includes a proposal to visit the Ulyanovsk region to explore the possibilities of the region in terms of locating production capacities here, "Goncharuk said.
In addition, he noted that this idea was first discussed at a meeting by Morozov with the head of the Ulyanovsk region entrepreneurship development corporation Ruslan Gainetdinov. During the meeting, the governor said that he was ready to create comfortable conditions for the activities of Harley-Davidson or other foreign companies.
It is worth recalling that on June 25, the leadership of Harley-Davidson said that he was preparing to transfer part of the production abroad. These measures will have to be resorted due to import duties on American goods, which were imposed by the EU authorities in response to Washington’s protectionist policies. The transfer procedure will take from 9 to 18 months.
Note that on June 22, European Commission members imposed 25 percent duties on imports of certain categories of goods from the US, for example, steel, aluminum, corn, bourbon, jeans and motorcycles.  Ulyanovsk will become a haven for Harley-Davidson "title =" Ulyanovsk will become a haven for Harley-Davidson ">
People who appreciate motorcycles can not be indifferent to their history. In this article we will talk about what was the very first motorcycle and when it appeared. The history of motorcycles began not so long ago, in the 19th century, with the creation of the first motorcycle on a steam engine. However, it is difficult to call it a real motorcycle, since this motorcycle is a two-wheeled vehicle whose heart is ICE.
The first motorcycle in the world
Many are interested in the question – which first motorcycle was invented and where? The answer is unequivocal – the first motorcycle with ICE was invented by Gottlieb Daimler. The patent for his invention, he designed in 1885 and it was called "The cart for riding with a kerosene engine." It is noteworthy that the designer of the motorcycle was inspired by the rider.
This unit was equipped with a wooden frame and belt transmission. The motor consisted of only one cylinder, capable of developing a capacity of 0.5 liters. from. The volume of such an engine reached 264 cubic meters. see On the wheels was a metal rim, and the spokes developer created from wood. The weight of the first motorcycle was 50 kg, and could go at a speed of no more than 12 km / h.
The first motorcycle looked more like a modern two-wheeled bicycle with safety wheels. Without the safety wheels, the trip would not have happened, because the technical characteristics did not allow to keep the balance while driving.
It is interesting that the development of the first motorcycle did not give a serious impetus to the development of the industry. The second motorcycle was designed only in 1912-1914. Models differed not only in design features, but also in the source of the driving force, they were gas, electric and even steam.
Magazine published the first Paris-Rouen arrival in 1894, which could include any transport that has mechanical drive on wheels. Within the limits of arrival the record speed – 20 km / h has been reached. After that, the first motorcycle received public recognition. However, a clear division of the machines and motorcycles of all mechanized crews occurred only in the next century.
Further development of the industry
The next development was Hildebrand & Wolfmuller which was released in 1895. On this model was installed a two-cylinder engine, which had a volume of 1498 cubic meters. see Such a power unit developed power to 2.5 liters. from. And the maximum speed was increased almost four times, in comparison with the first motorcycle, to 45 km / h. However, their production lasted only a few years, because they were not in demand.
In 1901 the third in history motorcycle, created by the company NSU, was presented to the general public. Its speed reached 40 km / h, and the weight was 38 kg. On this motorcycle was installed brand motor Tsedel, which developed a capacity of 1.25 liters. from. The power unit was mounted under a bicycle frame. The drive was also belt, which connected with the rear wheel. Interestingly, the pedals were used as a drive.
After that, a mini-coup takes place in the history of motorcycles with the development of the first American motorcycle brand "Indian."
Very interesting is the fact of using a pipe with a larger diameter instead of a bicycle frame. On this pipe was the battery of the ignition system. In addition, instead of the usual belt transmission was used chain, despite the fact that the chain could tear at the start from the place.
The engine was placed directly under the seat. The volume of the engine was 260 cubic meters. see a similar engine was able to give a power level of 1.75 liters. from. It used an automatic intake valve. The power unit had one cylinder, however it worked in four strokes. The fuel tank was also installed in an unusual place, namely on the rear wing. A few years later, a 310 cubic meter of motor was put on the same motorcycle. see also the capacity of 2.25 liters.
The next couple of years experts call the calm before the storm in the history of motorcycles. The breakthrough was made by Joseph Merkel, who developed the Milwaukee Merkel motorcycle, which had a loop-like frame with a single-cylinder engine and a leather belt drive. It is noteworthy that he designed such a motorcycle in 1902, but using a diamond-shaped frame. However, such a design was inconvenient for mounting the motor, for this reason the official date of appearance of the motorcycle is 1903.
It was on this bike came to see two guys from Milwaukee who had already tried to make a motorcycle earlier. Their names are Harley and Davidson.
As early as the following year 1904, they introduced their motorcycle, which was named Harley-Davidson. The motor they installed a volume of 405 cu. cm. They used a flywheel with a diameter of 23.5 cm and a weight of 12.7 kg.
After this, several attempts were made to create motorcycles that did not last long on the motor. It is worth noting 1923, in which the world saw a motorcycle from the company BMV – R 32. It is interesting that the company BMV was previously engaged in the manufacture of engines for aircraft, but at the end of the First World War, the management decided to finish the manufacture of engines and to create motorcycles.
Their attempt was very successful. It is thanks to this model that European manufacturers are again at the forefront of making two-wheeled vehicles. On this motorcycle was installed power unit BMW M2B33, the volume of 486 cubic meters. see, and for cooling used the air system. The motor was able to develop a capacity of 8.5 liters. from. At the same speed reached 95 km / h. Also, the developers used a box that has three transmissions. The front brakes were drum-type, and the rear brakes were block brakes. The consumption of gasoline reached three liters per 100 km.
It is worth noting that MotoHome is the graduation project of Jeremy Carmen, a senior student at the School of Architecture at the University of Southern California. In the idea of Carmen, in order to collect a camper, you need to mount the superstructure with a bed instead of the rear part of the motorcycle.
For this "native" pendulum is replaced by a unique one, which is twice as long. At the core, the student used the Honda CB road bike, but supplemented it with a more sturdy front fork from the cross Honda CR500.
Jeremy Carmen is raising funds for the project through the GoFundMe's crowfinding service. To date, of the five thousand dollars that are needed for the construction of a camper, about 2700 dollars have been collected. The first prototype has already been created.
According to Carmen, the insulated residential module has a weight of only 16 kilograms, which will not have a strong influence on the handling of the motorcycle. A sub-frame, the base on which the "sleeping bag" is mounted, at the same time is the capacity for the products.
Upon completion of the construction of the two-wheel motorhome, the student intends to test it on a trip to South America. He intends to get on a motorcycle to the southernmost tip of the continent. The author of the project promised to constantly conduct live broadcasts from his journey.
Lubricants, the purpose of which is to ensure the performance of the motor and gearbox, differ in component composition, viscosity index and other important physical and technical characteristics.
Scooter engines, originally only two-stroke, in modern mototechnics have invariant principles of work. On the mobile city transport, four-stroke engines are increasingly installed, especially in the technology released in China.
The principle of lubrication of the bearings of the crankshaft and the cylinder-piston system, in motors with two and four cycles of operation, is very different.
The closed design of the grease of the contacting elements of the four-stroke engine assumes the pouring of lubricants, the physical and technical parameters of which guarantee a long period of operation without loss of their main properties. In scooters with two-stroke engines, high performance results, on the contrary, give oils that can burn in the combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine without generating excessive volumes of soot components. The oil for the scooter during combustion should not be accompanied by a large amount of emitted smoke.
The oil viscosity index should ensure the preservation of its qualities at a positive air temperature.
What oil to pour into a scooter with a four-stroke engine? The answer is quite simple – the one recommended by the powerplant manufacturer. However, the Chinese scooters common today are equipped with motors that are built far beyond the Celestial.
Motors dropped from production in Japan or the US 10-15 years ago, as well as engines of Korean production. It is rather difficult to find in the constantly updated nomenclature series of lubricants exotics of a decade ago. In this case, you need to follow a fairly simple rule. A good scooter oil should ensure the formation of a tight separation film under conditions that accompany the use of the engine. These conditions include:
- ambient temperature
- level of the constantly acting load on the unit
- the life of the internal combustion engine.
Scooters are used mainly in the warm season. While the viscosity that the lubricant must be filled with, must guarantee the retention of the parameters only at a positive or slightly negative ambient temperature. According to the SAE classification, these groups include oils of class 5W30, 10W40 and 10W50. It is these oils that recommend the use of most manufacturers and experienced users for four-cycle scooters.
Two-stroke scooter motors can be lubricated in two ways. The first method is the standard lubrication for most of these engines, preliminarily dissolved in gasoline with oil.
Today, the engines have a separate injection of oil and fuel into the space behind the carburetor. The next way is much more rational. In addition to reducing the consumption of lubricant, the motor operates under more favorable conditions for the combustion of the fuel mixture. In conditions of idle rotation, the proportion of the mixture of oil and fuel reaches 1: 200.
However, the general rule for any operating conditions of a two-stroke ICE should be oil, which is marked with the 2T index. The process of separate supply of oil and fuel requires an instant and qualitative mixing of the components. Therefore it makes sense to use lubricants that have the label "self mix", meaning independent and rapid mixing with the gasoline-air mixture.
According to API classification, the lubricant is selected from the TA or TV classes, because it is suitable for use in two-stroke scooters , mopeds and garden equipment.
Today, scooters practically do not find a gearbox in its traditional sense – with a manual mechanical switching system. The speed control, which the engine transmits to the wheels, is carried out by variators of different design. The variator system assumes the addition of the transmission of scooters with reducers.
There is no need to use additional additives, because in the composition of high-quality gear oils there is a full complex of additives gears needed to provide effective lubrication, full
How much oil is in the scooter? There is no unequivocal answer to this question, each scooter needs a different amount of oil, however, applying the golden rule, one can know the volume of the necessary oil.After draining all the oil from the crankcase, its volume The amount of oil to be poured should be equal to the volume drained plus 3-5% In the case of a new scooter, you can not add 3-5%, but fill as much as it was drained.